What is Autism?
Autism or autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability which usually affects the communication and behavior of an individual. It usually creates a repetitive behavioral pattern which exploits their social interactions skills. In simple words, autism consists of number of neurodevelopmental conditions. Different conditions fall under the autism spectrum disorders which consist of Asperger’s syndrome, autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder.
Usually autistic people find it difficult to communicate and also face problem with learning. This is the factor due to which understanding other people thinking & feeling is difficulty task for them. It is very difficult to express their thoughts with different gestures, touch and even facial expressions.
Common signs & symptoms
Usually the person with autism shows two types of behavior restricted & repetitive behaviors & interests and impaired social interactions & communications. In some cases the symptoms are mild but some people shows very serious autistic deportment. Some of the common signs & symptoms of the disease includes abnormal tone of voice, abnormal body posture, behavioral disturbances, monotonous speech, inability to express emotions, dearth of empathy, repeating word or phrase, sleep disturbance, self-abusive behavior, repetitive movements, learning disability, improper social interactions an others.
What is the cause for autism?
The major cause for autism in not known but researchers have found some genes which have connection to them. But symptoms of this condition start appearing in some people by birth. Sometime it could be because of the problem in the brain which affects the process of language and sensory input. But there are few of the factors which can cause autism such as less birth weight, any history of viral infection, family history of autism, genetic
mutations, any exposure to environmental toxins & heavy metals, born to older parents and others.
How to treat this condition?
This condition cannot be cured but its symptoms can be improved. One should consult a doctor whenever they think that their children are showing any signs of the disease. The treatment of this condition depends upon the child whether they are showing mild or severe symptoms. Different types of therapies
are available to treat the condition related to autism. Some of the treatment includes:
- Behavior Management Therapy
- Speech language therapy
- Physical Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Medication Therapy
- Parent Medicated Therapy
- Speech Language Therapy
- Joint Attention Therapy
- Early Intervention
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy
The main aim of all these therapies is to decrease the signs of symptoms and help the patient so they can improve their learning & communication skills. It has been observed that if treatment should be started from preschool or before it can show more positive result. Treatment can help the autism people to perform normal functions.
There are still some substitute treatments which are available in the market for the treatment of this condition. High dose vitamin, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, melatonin and chelation therapy are some treatment which can be used to manage the autism.